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Republic Day of India – 26 January

Republic Day of India – 26 January

Republic Day 2016

Republic day 2016 in India would be celebrated on 26th of January, at Tuesday In 2016, India would celebrate its 67th Republic Day. First Republic Day of India was celebrated in 1950.

Republic Day in India

Republic day in India is celebrated every year with great honour on 26th of January to honour the Constitution of India as it came into force on the same day in the year 1950. It had replaced the Government of India Act, 1935 into the governing document of the India. At this day, a national holiday is declared by the Indian Government. The new Indian constitution was sketched and approved by the Indian Constituent Assembly and decided to celebrate it on 26th of January every year as India became a republic country.

Chief Guest on Republic Day of India 2016

The chief guest on Republic Day of India in 2016 will be the French President Francois Hollande. As per the media report, it has been confirmed that he will be the chief guest of Republic Day parade 26th of January 2016.

What would be Special on Republic Day of India 2016

On this Republic Day of India:

  • This is first time in the Indian history since 1950 that French contingent will participate in the Republic Day parade of India together with the Indian armed forces.
  • The action plan of Start Up India, Stand Up India will be launched in order to bring huge opportunity for youths of the country.
  • It would be ensured the cleanliness in surrounding areas and statues of great personalities.
  • The topic ‘our duties’ will be discussed in schools, colleges and other places. Find Essay on Duty

Republic Day Celebration

Republic Day of India – 26 January

National Flag of India

As Independence Day in India is celebrated to enjoy the freedom of India from the British Rule, Republic Day in India is celebrated to commemorate the coming of its own constitution into force. Officially it is celebrated every year in the national capital of India (New Delhi) at the Rajpath in the presence of the President of India. Mini celebrations are also take place in the state capitals in the presence of the governor of the state by spreading out the National Flag of the country.

January 26 is declared as the gazetted holiday all over the country by the Government of India. It is celebrated throughout the India with great enthusiasm by the students and teachers in the schools, colleges, universities and other educational institution.

An excellent parade and salute event is held by the military team at the Rajpath in front of the India Gate in the New Delhi, India.

How Republic Day is Celebrated

Events and celebrations are organized with great effort by the Government of India already to celebrate the Republic Day in the Capital. A huge and grand military parade is held in the New Delhi at Rajpath as well as the state capitals. Participants from the Indian Army, Air Force, Navy and traditional dance group takes part in the parades.

Parade held in the New Delhi starts especially when prime minister of the India offer garland at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at the India Gate. It is done to commemorate all the sacrifices of the Indian army soldiers while saving their country. The military salute is taken by the President of India during the parade in the Capital whereas military salute is taken by the state governors in the state capitals. At this special day, a foreign head of the state become chief guest of the president.

National awards (Maha Veer Chakra, Ashok Chakra, Param Veer Chakra, Veer Chakra) and bravery medals are also distributed at this day to the soldiers of armed forces, common people and students from the school. Armed forces helicopters do parade in the surrounding area of the India Gate to shower the rose petals over audience. A dance parade by singing patriotic songs is also performed by the school children. Armed Forces staff performs the motorcycle rides whereas the staff from the Indian Air Force perform fly parade through the fighter planes (making tri color of the Indian Flag by the smoke) for offering the honour salute to the president.

A range of traditional and cultural programs are performed by the professionals from different states to focus the history and culture of the country. During this grand celebration, a prime minister’s rally and Lok Tarang-National Folk Dance Festival is also held from 24th of January to the 29th of January.

All the Government and non Government offices of the nation and state including post offices, banks are closed at this day. Special security is organized at this day because of the huge crowed and prevent the common people from any problem.

What was Special on 66th Republic Day in 2015

Women armed forces of India took part for the first time in the Republic day Parade 2015 as Prime Minister, Narendra Modi were keen to Women Empowerment and Nari Shakti. Women Empowerment, Nari Shakti, Make in India Jhaki, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Jhaki by kids and Jan Dhan Yojana Jhaki were the main themes of Republic Day Parade 2015.

US President, Barack Obama was the chief guest of Republic Day celebration of India 2015 on 26th of January in New Delhi. He was accompanied by his wife (Michelle Obama) and senior official’s team of the administration. He reached to India and welcomed on 25th of January in India by the Indian PM Narendra Modi by breaking all the protocols. After that, PM Narendra Modi and US President became involved in the personal talk followed by the delegates meeting and then attended the press conference.

US President was honoured by the “Guard of Honour” (led by the Puja Thakur, a wing commander) at the Rashtrapati Bhavan in evening on 25th of January. In the night he was honoured with the most excellent dinner with 200 personalities of India. He also paid tribute with flowers and folded hands to the Mahatma Gandhi at Rajghat, New Delhi. Successfully he attended the Indian Republic Day ceremony at Rajpath, New Delhi 2015.

His visit to the Taj Mahal (which was scheduled on 27th of January) was cancelled as it was necessary for him to go to the Saudi Arabia because of the death of King Abdullah on Friday, 23rd of January.

History of Celebrating Republic Day

India got freedom from the British Rule on 15th of August in the year 1947. At that time, there was no any permanent constitution of the country. First time, the first draft of the Indian Constitution was presented by the drafting committee to the national assembly on 4th of November in the year 1947. The first draft of the Indian Constitution was signed by the national assembly in both version, the English and the Hindi on 24th of January in the year 1950.

Then the Constitution of India came into effect on the Republic Day means 26th of January in 1950. From then, the 26th of January was started celebrating as the Republic Day in India. At this day, India was declared as the Purna Swaraj Country thus it was started celebrating every year as the anniversary of the Purna Swaraj Day.

The Constitution of India brought the power to the Indian citizens to select their own government. The oath was taken by the Dr. Rajendra Prasad as a first president of the India at Durbar Hall in the Government House. India has big history behind celebrating the Republic day.

Importance of Celebrating 26 January

Republic Day is the symbol of true spirit for the independent India where military parades, exhibiting military equipments, salute to the national flag by the Indian president and variety of events are take place at this day. Indian national flag has horizontally tricolour (upper saffron, middle white and bottom of dark green colour divided in the equal proportion) and a wheel (navy blue colour, having 24 spokes) in the centre representing the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.

India is a country having people of different cultures, societies, religions and languages who interplay with each other harmoniously. Independence to the India is the great pride as it was obtained over years after facing a variety of obstacles and hurdles.

The day is celebrated every year to feel the Indian people very proud for living in the multi cultural and independent country. Republic Day is celebrated in very colourful and exhilarating ways in order to make memorable and significant celebration of the year. National Anthem is sing by the people participated in the celebration. This celebration brings all the Indian people together at one place and thinks at one topic.

Indian republic day chief guest list

As every year, the India would follow the great Indian culture and tradition “Atithi Devo Bhav” of welcoming the prime Minister of another country as a chief guest. Next year, the Republic Day 2016, the India may heartily welcome the France President, Francois Hollande, as a chief guest at the Indian Republic Day. Below is the list of all the chief guests welcomed in India at each Republic Day from the year India was declared as the Republic country till 2016:

Year Guest Name Country
2016 President, Francois Hollande France
2015 President, Barack Obama USA
2014 Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe Japan
2013 King, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan
2012 Prime minister, Yingluck Shinawatra Thailand
2011 President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Indonesia
2010 President, Lee Myung Bak Republic of Korea
2009 President, Nursultan Nazarbayev Kazakhstan
2008 President, Nicolas Sarkozy France
2007 President, Vladimir Putin Russia
2006 King, Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud Saudi Arabia
2005 King, Jigme Singye Wangchuck Bhutan
2004 President, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Brazil
2003 President, Mohammed Khatami Iran
2002 President, Cassam Uteem Mauritius
2001 President, Abdelaziz Bouteflika Algeria
2000 President, Olusegun Obasanjo Nigeria
1999 King, Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev Nepal
1998 President, Jacques Chirac France
1997 Prime Minister, Basdeo Panday Trinidad and Tobago
1996 President, Dr. Fernando Henrique Cardoso Brazil
1995 President, Nelson Mandela South Africa
1994 Prime Minister, Goh Chok Tong Singapore
1993 Prime Minister, John Major United Kingdom
1992 President, Mário Soares Portugal
1991 President, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom Maldives
1990 Prime Minister, Anerood Jugnauth Mauritius
1989 General Secretary, Nguyen Van Linh Vietnam
1988 President, Junius Jayewardene Sri Lanka
1987 President, Alan Garcia Peru
1986 Prime Minister, Andreas Papandreou Greece
1985 President, Raúl Alfonsín Argentina
1984 King, Jigme Singye Wangchuck Bhutan
1983 President, Shehu Shagari Nigeria
1982 King, Juan Carlos I Spain
1981 President, Jose Lopez Portillo Mexico
1980 President, Valéry Giscard d’Estaing France
1979 Prime Minister, Malcolm Fraser Australia
1978 President, Patrick Hillery Ireland
1977 First Secretary, Edward Gierek Poland
1976 Prime Minister, Jacques Chirac France
1975 President, Kenneth Kaunda Zambia
1974 President, Josip Broz Tito Yugoslavia
Prime Minister, Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike Sri Lanka
1973 President, Mobutu Sese Seko Zaire
1972 Prime Minister, Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Mauritius
1971 President, Julius Nyerere Tanzania
1970
1969 Prime Minister, Todor Zhivkov Bulgaria
1968 Prime Minister, Alexei Kosygin Soviet Union
President, Josip Broz Tito Yugoslavia
1967
1966
1965 Food and Agriculture Minister, Rana Abdul Hamid Pakistan
1964
1963 King, Norodom Sihanouk Cambodia
1962
1961 Queen, Elizabeth II United Kingdom
1960 President, Kliment Voroshilov Soviet Union
1959
1958 Marshall Ye Jianying People’s Republic of China
1957
1956
1955 Governor General, Malik Ghulam Muhammad Pakistan
1954 King, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck Bhutan
1953
1952
1951
1950 President, Sukarno Indonesia

Republic Day (26 January) Parade

Republic Day of India – 26 January

This is the real picture of the Republic Day parade at the Rajpath by the President’s Body Guards, coming out from the President’s house, wore the winter ceremonial dress. The Bodyguard of the President of the India becomes a specially selected Indian Army from cavalry regiment, based in the Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi and a senior most unit of the Indian Army. The Bodyguards of the Indian President becomes fully responsible for guiding and protecting the President of India. They become fully equipped with equipments, BTR-60 vehicles to use in any combat and ride horses.

Republic Day (26 January) Parade

This is the photo of Republic Day parade by displaying an Agni-ll Ballistic missile at the Rajpath. Agni-II is a great Indian ballistic missile of an intermediate-range having target capacity of around 3,500 km to 5,000 km deep to the neighboring countries. It has been developed as a most sophisticated Indian ballistic missile of its range having the circular error probable within 40 meters of range. After it, the Agni-lll Ballistic missile of India has also been developed as its successor in the month of June in 2011.

Republic Day (26 January) Parade

This is an excellently decorated picture of the Lion Capital at the Rajpath on the occasion of celebrating the Republic Day of India. Just in front of the Lion Capital there is made the map of India decorated with the yellow flower. In the middle of map there is made an Indian Flag of tricolor. Below the map of India there is made three circles of the flower under a big circle. How amazing look has this decorated Lion Capital.

Republic Day (26 January) Parade

This is the snap of the Republic Day parade by the exclusive BSF Camel Contingent of India at the Rajpath. BSF of the India become the Border Security Force of the Government of India, under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs of India, which is responsible for the guarding the international Indian borders. BSF becomes one of the specially selected Central Armed Police Forces which was established on 1st of December in 1965 to guard the international borders of India in order to maintain the peace as well as to prevent the trans border crimes. Indian BSF has the strength of around 240,000 personnel (both, men and women) divided in 186 battalions. Indian BSF is the largest border guarding forces all over the world. The first Director General of the Indian BSF was the K. F. Rustomji who had founded the BSF in India and known as the “Founding Father of the Indian BSF”.

Republic Day (26 January) Parade

This is an amazing shot of the Republic Day parade by the Indian Army Madras Regiment at the Rajpath. The Madras Regiment of India is considered as the oldest regiment of the army formed in India during 1750s (Madras town was founded in the year 1639). It has become an old Indian regiment went through the various campaigns of the British Indian Army and continuously as an Indian Army. Earlier during 1660s, it was developed as Madras European Regiment by the East India Company however; later during 1750s, it was developed as a battalion by the Major Stringer Lawrence. After independence, the Madras Regiment was formed which has become involved in various campaigns like humanitarian aid operations and UN peacekeeping missions.

Facts about Republic Day of India 2015

  • US President, Barack Obama would be the first US President to be the chief guest on Indian Republic Day, 2015.
  • US President, Barack Obama would be at the platform of Rajpath to attend the Republic Day parade.
  • There is an arrangement of a bullet-proof shield car to protect him.
  • American president would spend outside the bullet-proof shield car for only 45 minutes and power point presentation of the show has been given to the US officials.
  • US demand for the “no fly” zone over Rajpath has been rejected by the India because it is a main attraction of show.
  • Bulletproof car of the President Obama has features like 18-feet length, 8 ton weight, able to resist bombs and bullets, has night vision camera, satellite phones (having direct connection to Vice President and Pentagon) and a trained driver who can take 180 degree turn.
  • High technology CCTV cameras and face recognition cameras have been installed at every entry to the capital to monitor, identify and catch criminals.
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